Multi perspective approaches to understanding organizations is vital and enhances understanding operations as well as avenue to apply acquired knowledge to improve organization’s performance. The adoption of this discipline can be traced to historical management where practitioners embraced Scientific Administration as a way of running societies. For instance, Henri Fayol (1949) and Winslow Taylor (1911) were highly honored as the pioneers of multi perspective approaches to management as their systems emphasized effectiveness, efficiency and a mechanical nature in relation to people in organizations.
It was from these basics and interactions that perspectives such as Modernism was emerged (Hatch & Cunliffe 2006). To fully comprehend and understand an organization, effectively manage with positive result orientation, multiple perspectives needs to be ideally enhanced in the organizations.
These involve modernism, post-modernism and interpretive organizational based perceptions. The development of these perspectives is vital to the understanding of compounded association currencies that are important to organization’s stakeholders. For instance, considering Ocean Park team, decision on undertakings that relate with imperative verdicts will be appropriate into the culture where the Hong Kong societies are embracing since there is use of unified and simple organization perspectives even though there are diverse assumptions.
In this example there is the ontological nature of reality and the social world that goes assists learning and experience. Consequently, multiple perceptions in organizations result to numerous functional indications that are successfully demonstrated by the organizations, McDonalds is efficient on product quality and customer service which is appropriate in modernism and works well for post-modernism uses of imminent strategies, events and activities of the organization that esteems the value of rational philosophy and the development stature that aid functional basics for multiple perspective embracing.
There is core and significance on modernism ideologies towards organization accomplishment and effectiveness, for instance, leading to practice and theory of public relations that are founded on modernist appreciation of organization that honored administration perspectives and tactical focus. There exists likelihood of modernism as alternate theoretical methodology to community relations which is vital to organizations. In relation to modern notions, the perspective discards manager as coherent individual who has the skills to govern organizational results through policies. Therefore, modernism public relations can be examined as hegemonic exercise that deduces practitioners into structure to legitimize perceptions and activities of corporate leaders as impartial knowledge, mainly through lengthy observes in organizational publicity (Copper RN 1989).
Modernists view the world prevailing autonomously without them, this does not depend on whether they relate with it or not. Certainty is waiting to be revealed though perceptions and theories. It is based on facts, objective, measurable, quantitative and unbiased (Thomson 1967). Their goal in principle advancement is to find authoritarian common laws like the Universal Systems Concept (Bertaanffy 1968). Modernists view organizations as stable and fixed and entities, which cause its structure to influence its efficiency. The modernism approach to organizations is the prescription that organizational complications lie in realizing its universal structures.
Lamertz, Martens, and emphasized that those organizations implementing symbolic interpretive perspective acknowledges that certain culture matters should be inferred by social construction introduction institutional order that makes purposeful relations between stakeholders of the association from the situation, interpretive symbols assists resemble sense-giving encounter in which performers seek to refurbish significant order by imposing unique resolution as well as partialities on certain conditions, recognize interpretive core of socially constructed realism that occur in the minds of Symbolic-interpretive managers if in organization grounds. The nature of Symbolic-interpretive that administration emphasizes actions on the grounds of the importance that the actions have for the team, resulting from social relations that one has with others.
An organization that involves in social relations with itself by creation symbolic interpretive to itself and reacting to these suggestions, process understanding out of which action emerges. The world of reality occurs only as it is comprehended and interpreted by the individual. It only happens in human experience. Large organizations which are arrangements of persons, who are linked in their actions, seek clarification in the way participants define, meet situations and interpret their respective actions. An intense example where symbolic interpretive perspective can be seen is in religious order. For example,(Burrell G 1988)reports a situation of religious order where interpretive scheme is shared as understanding of operation were changed and experienced modification in structure. The procedure of change that occurs in interpretive symbols is a communal relationship to change in structure as being facilitated by actions of the organizational members as well as the reactions to change.
The way religious gatherings is inferred by organizational associates affects the type of occurrences that happen from within the organization as leadership react to alternate interpretive symbols in understanding difficulties that may occur. Stubbart (1985, pp. 724-736) indicated that, there is possibility of symbolic happening when organizations embrace diverse environments and considers the role of strategic managers in interpretive meaning and nature. A different explanation to this perspective is explained by Schein’s (Hatch 1993, pp. 657-693) in the ideal of organization culture. Acknowledgment of organizational culture as process and symbol is significant as there are concepts derived from symbolic interpretive perception such as articulating realization, cultural dynamics, interpretation and symbolization that provide structure for organization culture.
The foundation of understanding organization interpretive for developing structural organization concepts can be viewed as duality of expansive actions connected by modality of revealing symbolism for the organizational occurrences and its scrutiny (Hendry, 2000). There are connections of organization theory evident and culture in organizational symbolism. This is because the work is grounded on assumptions made about the culture nature cues and the organization. When considering this perspective, evaluating limitations of culture and power must be done within assumptive framework as culture covers organization analysis in different directions.
In symbolic interpretive approach there is no organization meaning without persons, this means that there is no managerial structure. In this approach the entity is constantly changing and fluid since authority and roles are constantly conveyed (Weick 1998). A clear instance can be seen in a situation where employees requirement their executives to give them better appraisals, and how executives requirement their staffs to work tirelessly to earn a contract. In such a scenario, whoever is in authority is determined by the context.