M4D1: Team Building
Groups are a common arrangement in today’s business environments. Any manager who works with or supervises groups should be familiar with how they develop over time. Perhaps the best-known scheme for a group development was advanced by Bruce Tuckman in 1965. Initially, Tuckman identified four stages of group development, which included the stages of forming, storming, norming, and performing. Later on, he added adjourning to his list. Read Bruce Tuckman’s Team Development Model. What did Tuckman mean by those four stages? How do you recognize them when you are working with a group? Finally, can a leader form a successful team without going through those stages? Justify your answer.
- Describe Tuckman’s Team Development Model, including the five stages.
- Apply the stages in Tuckman’s Team Development Model to working with a group.
- Justify whether a team can form with or without utilizing Tuckman’s Team Development Model.
M4D1: Team Building
In the conceptualization, formation, and functioning of a group, some dynamics come into play. The efficiency of organizational functioning requires effective team building capacity and operations.
According to Tuckman, there are five Team Development Models including forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. The Team Development Models starting with forming part involves uncertainties and confusion trying to define the goals and objectives of the group (Tuckman, 1965). The storming model includes tension and hostility in the disagreement over the priorities to follow in the group as well leadership struggle. The norming model involves a point when the group becomes more acquainted, understanding, and comes to a consensus. Also, the model has already established an authentic leadership that sets the standard set of cooperation. The performing model entails the achievements made in the group of successful performance, diversity, and flexibility of roles among members (Tuckman & Jensen, 1977). Finally, the adjourning model – advanced later – concludes the group through self-evaluation, positive feeling towards the team and leadership, and disengagement.
Additionally, there are five stages in Tuckman’s Team Development Model coinciding with respective entities of the motel. These include the immature stage, fractional group stage, sharing group stage, efficient team, disbanding the group. The steps proceed culminating into the increment of group’s effectiveness over time increasing their productivity.
A team cannot effectively form and function without utilizing Tuckman’s Team Development Model. A team is usually formed out of nowhere to involve members with different and diverse opinions (Abudi, 2010). These members need time to streamline their differences, find common ground, set of standards of operations, and effective leadership. Without getting to understand and tolerate each other, the group is bound to disintegrate even before it gains ground.
Abudi, G. (2010). The Five Stages of Project Team Development. [Online: retrieved 12-11-2013 from www.pmhut.com/the-five-stages-of-project-team-development
Tuckman, B. D. (1965). Bruce Tuckman’s 1965 Forming Storming Norming Performing team-development model.
Tuckman, B. W., & Jensen, M. A. C. (1977). Stages of small-group development revisited. Group & Organization Studies, 2(4), 419-427.