Theory and Practice in Global Business Project
The research topic, Proposal for Change and Dynamism of Managerial Leadership System in the Business of underdeveloped countries. The case of the ancient French colonies is an investigation into the managerial leadership systems in the businesses of the underdeveloped countries. The key subject of the investigation is how managerial leadership systems in the business transactions in the underdeveloped countries occur thus proposing a change and dynamism on such leadership. A reference point of the research problem would be the French ancient colonies. The research problem is centered on the managerial leadership systems in the underdeveloped countries. The focus is given to the industries in the underdeveloped countries which use outdated technologies, barbaric methods and do not see the value in the human resource empowerment but on the immediate returns on investments (Bolman, & Deal, 2017). If the corporations are able to change and dynamically alter the leadership system them the business sector in the underdeveloped countries might be achieved.
Purpose of the Research
In the underdeveloped countries, the economic growth of the nations are dwindling, bad governance at the national level by leaders is the order of the day. Corruption level is very high and some people are employed based on ethnicity, tribalism, nepotism or corruption (Mountjoy, 2017). The habit transcends to organizational level thus affecting productivity. The organizational cultures within the corporate industry are directly affected by the national values and ethos. The organizations are not able to make serious profits and internationalize their operations due to culture shock in other developed countries. The project is thus to enlighten the business world in the developed countries that changing the managerial leadership systems dynamically is indeed critical in fostering prosperity and posterity. Using the case of ancient French colonies which used assimilation policy and the indirect rule to govern their colonies, where the French leaders gave autonomy for the African leaders at the bottom level to lead their people and are assimilated to French, the organizations can indeed thrive. The purpose of the research is thus to explore the managerial deficiencies and propose change and dynamism to such managerial leadership system that would foster long-term productivity and profitability for the organizations.
The significance of the Study
The study is significant to the extent that it is a pioneer research on the managerial leadership systems in the business of the underdeveloped countries with a focus of change and dynamism to it hence giving more opportunities for further researches on the matter. Other scholars and organizations can tap into the research and establish the tenets and or objectives that they need to investigate conclusively. The government and the corporate industry are able to take the matter and see how adopting change and dynamism to managerial leadership systems in the underdeveloped countries can help boost productivity and economic growth for both the organizations and their resident countries. Specifically, the research would be important for the organizations to know best practices of managerial leadership which are vital in employee motivation. Managerial leadership system if entrenched by organizations, can see an increased revenue collection, assist in the attraction, recruitment and retention of employees.
To what extent does change and dynamism in the managerial leadership systems within the underdeveloped countries affect business operations?
What is the role of governments of the underdeveloped world in the entrenchment of organizational cultures and business practices in former ancient French colonies in Africa?
How can resistance to change and dynamism to organizational managerial leadership systems be dealt with without triggering employee revolt?
Why should businesses of the underdeveloped countries be interested in change and dynamism of their managerial leadership systems?
Citing former ancient French colonies would the governments in the underdeveloped countries like Africa endorse dynamism of managerial leadership systems in their economies?
The various research methods that are popularly used are qualitative and quantitative research methods. In the case of this specific research, both qualitative and quantitative research methods would be incorporated. It is therefore important to mention that quantitative research examines numerical data and requires often, statistical analytical tools for data interpretation (Punch, 2013). It helps to measure variables and establish a relationship between them. The data in the quantitative research method would be represented in tables and graphs. Qualitative research method explains the non-numerical data. The mixed method of research of both the qualitative and quantitative research is preferred so as to explain certain unexpected results.
- Quantitative Research Methods
In quantitative research methods, a number of mechanisms will be used to collect data and analyze the information. Quantitative data can be obtained majorly from secondary sources. However, surveys, questionnaires, and observation can also be used to obtain the numerical data needed. Questionnaires would ask questions to a large population of people in forms of telephone calls, emails. These are affordable methods which lower cost in terms of time consumption and resources used for traveling. Besides, it will be used so that the respondents can respond at their own time. It is significant since the same mail is sent to a larger population and responses can come immediately. Web-based surveying can also be used on organizational websites to get data. It is important to mention that secondary data would also be obtained from government sites and data centers. According to Punch 2013, organizational websites and publications, university library, publications, newspapers, magazines, and journals with relevant materials would be used to get quantitative information for the research. Secondary data are vital since they have been analyzed and provide information that can be verified and or tested. In the methodology, it is essential to mention that the questionnaire would be drafted in simple language and expressions with avoidance of jargons.
- Qualitative Research Methods
Qualitative research methods give an explanation of occurrences which cannot be quantified or are not in numeric form. The best way to conduct a qualitative research is on interviews. Interviews get the opinion of the person being interviewed and can have open-ended questions or closed. When making actionable recommendations, an opinion of qualified people can be assembled and given as part of the recommendation. In the research, interviews would be used to get data from senior organizational executives of multinational organizations operating in the underdeveloped countries. Additionally, the perspectives of government officials and other stakeholders in the business within the countries, particularly in the private sector would also be interviewed (Bell, Bryman, & Harley, 2018). Focus groups, observation, and case studies are also integral aspects which would be used to get qualitative data. Focus groups would bring people of the same interest together to air their opinion, like in the case of a town hall, about a phenomenon. Such a tactic would be used to get both the government officials and the private sector that representatives corporations on the same platform. The qualitative information from such a forum would be used to get detained, descriptive nature of change and dynamism of managerial leadership systems as practiced in said organizations.
Exploratory research design and conclusive design are the popular research designs used. In the context of this particular research project, exploratory research design would be used. Sekaran, & Bougie, 2016 asserts that exploratory research design is specifically used so that it can sightsee research problem without offering a single final and abiding conclusive research verdict on a phenomenon. It is specifically selected to study the research problem since it will be the pioneering research on the topic. It will be used to highlight the nature of the problem, thus assisting in the conceptualization of the said subject matter. It is used since the research would be tackling emerging challenges which had not been tackled by previous research works. As a pioneer work, it will be flexible and employ the use of unstructured open-ended interviews. To allow for more insights and information, that can be the building blocks of the theory. It is important to mention that exploratory research design examines the research questions and objectives thus creating the way for further studies and investigations to emerging issues and or trends from the research conducted.
Research Approaches and Rational
The research approach that has been used for the research is a mixed method research. The mixed method is the application of both the qualitative and quantitative research methods or other means of data collection integrated into the same design (Creswell, 2013). The rationale for using such an approach is because the research is an exploratory research design, which needs flexibility to new ideas and a lot of secondary materials. However, primary data collection mechanisms are used, specifically open-ended interviews to get in-depth content of the subject matter.
Ethical Research Considerations
Connelly, 2014 postulates that ethics or ethical considerations in conducting research projects demand requirements of day-to-day work like protecting the dignity of research subjects and the subsequent publication of the research information. The major ethical issues that will be considered in the course of the research includes informed consent, respect for confidentiality and anonymity, beneficence, and respect for the subject`s privacy. The researcher would ensure that all possible measures are taken to adhere to ethical issues to protect the subjects from social, psychological, and physical harm in the course of the research or circulation of research findings.
- Informed Consent
Informed consent means that a subject knowingly, intelligently and voluntarily, in a manifest and clear way decided to give consent to participate in the research (Bell, Bryman, & Harley, 2018). It seeks to protect the subjects` personal veracity and liberty where they were adequately informed about possible benefits and or risks regarding the research. The participant will be informed of possible personal benefits or those to science. The subjects will also be informed of possible harm, discomforts and compensation mechanisms relevant to the research. Additionally, he/she will be informed about who can be shared with the contents of the research. Moreover, the participant would be informed that some information is withheld deliberately to protect the integrity of the research to avoid behavioral change that might affect the final results. Lastly, they would be informed of their freedom to withdraw from the research project. After all such information has been given to the research subjects or participants, then their consent will be sort.
Beneficence as a principle demands a professional obligation to do no harm and to conduct effective research in order to enhance the lives and welfare of the constituents. As such, the research intends to improve management and organizational efficiency that can benefit not just an organization but be adopted by institutions and governments. In the course of the research project, no subject would be intentionally harmed or be exposed to danger even at the end of the research. Such measures are taken including the methods of sharing and storing the data.
- Confidentiality and Anonymity
The anonymity of a person will be protected in the research project since the responses given by an individual cannot be connected with their personal responses. Confidentiality would involve managing private information from a respondent to protect the identity of the subject. As a researcher, it is crystal clear that breach of confidentiality of the research subject might lead to severe social and or psychological problems.
Privacy of a research participant is determined by the extent to which information can be shared, where, with who and information that cannot be shared. Inversion of a subject`s privacy is seen when sensitive information like records, beliefs, opinion, or attitudes (Connelly, 2014) are shared without the consent of the subject. according to research, it is clear that violation of a person`s privacy might cost them their marriages, jobs, dignity, friends, or make them feel guilty, embarrassed, and shameful.
Ethical considerations are imperative in maintaining the integrity of the research project and giving credibility not just to the researcher but also to the research findings. Where there is little credibility for work done, even if the recommendations are good, implementation would be a challenge even to the prospective sponsors.
Bell, E., Bryman, A., & Harley, B. (2018). Business Research Methods. Oxford university press.
Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2017). Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership. John Wiley & Sons.
Connelly, L. M. (2014). Ethical Considerations in Research Studies. Medsurg Nursing, 23(1), 54.
Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage Publications.
Delavignette, R. (2018). Freedom and Authority in French West Africa. Routledge.
Jaques, E. (2017). Requisite Organization: A Total System for Effective Managerial Organization and Managerial Leadership for the 21st Century. Routledge.
Mountjoy, A. B. (2017). Industrialization and Underdeveloped Countries. Routledge.
Punch, K. F. (2013). Introduction to Social Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Sage Publications.
Raadschelders, J. (2017). Handbook of Administrative History. Routledge.
Sekaran, U., & Bougie, R. (2016). Research Methods for Business: A Skill Building Approach. John Wiley & Sons.