The Conjunction ‘AND’



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The Conjunction ‘AND’

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The Conjunction ‘AND’

In English grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects and coordinates sentences, phrases, or clauses together. Some of these conjunctions include and, but, nor, because, neither, and so among others. Besides, there are different types of conjunctions namely the subordinating conjunctions, coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions, and conjunctive adverbs (Baskervili, 2012). However, in this discussion, the main focus lies on the coordinating conjunction ‘and’ and its uses.  As a coordinating conjunction, and is used to link words, clauses, sentences or phrases that are of equal rank as well as independent. Other than being a coordinating conjunction, and is also the basic coordinating conjunction (Unubi, 2016). Therefore, the primary use of and is to link phrases, sentences, clauses, and words; for instance, in sentences like I love going to school, I love reading “I love going to school and reading.”

The conjunction and is used to show the end of a list of words, things, phrases, or clauses (Williams, 2015). For instance, when one wants to show what they purchased in the grocery store, they would say “I bought mangoes, carrots, broccoli, oranges, apples, and cucumbers.” Moreover, the conjunction and is used to show the chronological order and progression of activities as well as events. When one shows how some activities occurred from the beginning to the end one can say “I went to the hospital and had a diagnosis from the doctor.” Thirdly, conjunction and can be used to show that one idea or action is as a result of another. For instance, “the rain fell heavily and the electricity transformer was destroyed.” Fourth, there are those expressions that use the conjunction and and cannot be changed for instance in phrases such as the ‘bread and butter’, ‘black and white’, ‘thunder and lightning’ among others (Ragini, 2016). Finally, conjunction and can be used with the nice and expression, which is most usually used to modify an adjective and adverb in a sentence. It is used to show that something is pleasant such as, “The room was nice and warm.”




Baskervili, W. M. (2012). An English Grammar. Dortmund: tredition GmbH, Hamburg.

G.P.Ragini. (2016). Conjunctions and Prepositions. Humanities and Social Sciences, pp:1-10.

Unubi, A. S. (2016). CONJUNCTIONS IN ENGLISH: MEANING, TYPES AND USES. International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, Vol. 4, Issue 3, pp: 202-213.

Williams, P. (2015, July 23). Different types of conjunctions: definitions, uses and examples. Retrieved from English Lessons:



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