Sociology and Behavioral world.

 I need 200 words response to this two-discussion forum

Forum 1   Discussion          Small Groups

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We all have belonged to many groups in our lifetime.  We probably have not given a lot of thought about these groups. In the sociology and behavioral world, one of the ways groups are defined are secondary groups and primary groups. Secondary groups are identified as temporary relationships that tend to be goal-oriented.  These secondary groups are impersonal.  Examples of secondary groups include sports teams, college classes, and art clubs.  A primary group is identified by close personal relationships that tend to have longevity.  Examples of a primary group could be a family group or a church group.   According to small group research conducted by Marshall Poole and his associates in their publication, Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Small Groups, they looked at small groups from a psychodynamic perspective.  This looked at the history of the group, membership in the group, and unresolved issues and projects. This research group also looked at groups from a functional perspective that focused on goal orientation and group performance. (Poole 2004).  This research is informative and helped explain many different aspects of small groups.

One primary small group I have belonged to is my church.  Membership in this group is voluntary and there are long-term relationships in this group.  There is a sense of unity around the core values of the group.  Although this primary group can mix -up its members for different committees it is unified by tenets of faith and family-like relationships.  I have belonged to more secondary small groups in my life because this type of group covers the vast majority of our social groups.  One secondary small group which I belonged to is a workgroup at the MD State Government as an employee.  As a government employee, I worked for a department, that had sub-units that were defined according to the function of their work, as described in the functional perspective of the research group.  The small groups at work were temporary, impersonal, and wrapped around goals. Although I have been in many groups, I have never thought about these groups until the reading for this discussion.



Digital Resource: Adams, K., & Galanes, G. (2017). Communicating in groups: Application and skills (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. eISBN-13: 9781259983283

Pool, M., Hollingshead, A., McGrath, J., Moreland, R., Rohrbaugh, J., (2004). Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Small Groups. Small-Group Research. Vol. 35 No. 1. February 2004 3-16


Forum 2

We know that groups of people make up small groups which are 1-3 people are larger groups of 5 or more.  How do we define the concept of secondary small groups?   Small groups can gather together, five or less for various reasons.  Take for instance a gathering at someone’s home.  People can gather in secondary smaller groups to better focus on what is important and much needed to understand.  A supervisor can gather a smaller group of 3 or 4 to discuss matters that only concern those that are in the room.  This group is different from other groups and primary groups due to the size of the individuals involved.

I have been to a meeting that only had 6 individuals in total.  Communication between the group can be described as a small group.  Groups have a purpose to fulfill.  Discussing between groups allow more focus and attention.   Information can be gathered, and a need for a purpose can be established.  According to” Adams, K., &, etc., (2017), {communication among members is an essential feature of a group, regardless of the group’s size or purpose”}.  Meaning that communication is the key to resolving matters and going forward with an idea or subject.

I would like to see more interaction between members of secondary groups, more ideas, more people paying attention to others, and more face-to-face communication.  It’s best when working with others within a group to come to a mutual understanding of what is important lines of communication.  Individuals in groups need to understand each other and communication is the key to success in any group.  Decision-making techniques allow individuals to decide on one idea, one concept, and one line of communication.  So as we go over secondary groups, we learn that larger groups are goal-oriented focus on making one decision.  Based on specific goals of what is being discussed, individuals are able to come to a mutual agreement.  Moving forward to what is the purpose and goal of why the group came together in the first place.  Always think of a secondary group as individuals with lines of communication that will allow all more impersonal and temporary lines of communication to focus on one goal.


Martínez-Tur, V., Peñarroja, V., Serrano, M. A., Hidalgo, V., Moliner, C., Salvador, A., . . . Molina, A. (2014). Intergroup conflict and rational decision making. PLoS One, 9(12), e114013.

Digital Resource: Adams, K., & Galanes, G. (2017). Communicating in groups: Application and skills (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. eISBN-13: 9781259983283

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