Question & Answer: I'm trying to make a Mario clone, and I can make sprites move with a keyListener, but I want to make sprites anim…..

I’m trying to make a Mario clone, and I can make sprites move with a keyListener, but I want to make sprites animate as they move. When the sprite moves, I want this:

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Question & Answer: I'm trying to make a Mario clone, and I can make sprites move with a keyListener, but I want to make sprites anim…..
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it starts as the left one, and when I hit the move right key, it shows the middle, and when it gets to the right, is the one on the right.

[![the middle sprite is shown once the move right button is hit, and it finishes when then sprite is two pixels right and goes back to original][1]][1]

So far, I have:

I’m trying to animate the sprite in my game when a button is pressed, but when I press the button, it skips the animation. Its supposed to go one pixel, change sprites, and then go one more pixel and change back. Here is the code

//for all
import java.nio.file.*;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.image.*;
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

//my Mario class (cut down a lot)
class Mario {
// all numbers multiplied by 2 from OG game

protected Direction dir;
protected int x, y;
protected BufferedImage sprite;
protected String currentSpriteName;

public Mario() {

this.x = 54;
this.y = 808;
dir = Direction.RIGHT;

public void moveRight(){
if(this.dir == Direction.LEFT){
this.dir = Direction.RIGHT;
else if(this.dir == Direction.RIGHT){

public void jump() {
this.y -= 46;

public void setSprite(String spriteName) {
URL spriteAtLoc = MVCE.urlGenerator(spriteName);
this.sprite = MVCE.generateAndFilter(sprite, spriteAtLoc);

public void getSprite(){

public void paint(Graphics g) {
Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D) g;
g2.drawImage(sprite, 0, 0, null); // DO NOT SET x and y TO ANYTHING,
// this sets 0,0 to top left!!


<?– –>

// my MarioRender class:
public class MarioRender extends JLabel{

protected Mario marioSprite;

public MarioRender(){
marioSprite = new Mario();

public void paintComponent(Graphics g){
Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D) g;
setBounds(marioSprite.x, marioSprite.y, marioSprite.sprite.getWidth(), marioSprite.sprite.getHeight());

public void moveMarioRight(){
setLocation(this.marioSprite.x, this.marioSprite.y);

public void jumpMario(){
setLocation(this.marioSprite.x, this.marioSprite.y);



<?– –>

// direction class, solely for moving
enum Direction {

<?– –>

// my calling class, which I called MVCE where I make the frame
public class MVCE extends JFrame{

MarioRender m = new MarioRender();
JLabel bg;

public MVCE(){
bg = new JLabel();
this.setSize(868, 915);
this.add(bg, BorderLayout.CENTER);

m.setBounds(m.marioSprite.x, m.marioSprite.y, m.marioSprite.sprite.getWidth(), m.marioSprite.sprite.getHeight());
KeyListener kl = new MoveListener();


public static final String SMALLSTANDFACERIGHT = “SmallStandFaceRight.bmp”; //30 x 32
public static final String SMALLJUMPFACERIGHT = “SmallJumpFaceRight.bmp”; //32 x 32
public static final String SMALLWALKFACERIGHT = “SmallWalkFaceRight.bmp”;

//generate URL
public static URL urlGenerator(String name){
URL u = lookup().lookupClass().getResource(name);
return u;

//return image with filtered color
public static BufferedImage generateAndFilter(BufferedImage b, URL u){

b =;
int width = b.getWidth();
int height = b.getHeight();
int[] pixels = new int[width * height];
b.getRGB(0, 0, width, height, pixels, 0, width);
for (int i = 0; i < pixels.length; i++) {
if (pixels[i] == 0xFFff00fe) {
pixels[i] = 0x00ff00fe;
BufferedImage newSprite = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_ARGB);
newSprite.setRGB(0, 0, width, height, pixels, 0, width);
b = newSprite;
catch(IOException e){
System.out.println(“sprite not found”);
return b;

//key listener
class MoveListener implements KeyListener{
public void keyPressed(KeyEvent k){

if((k.getKeyCode() == 39)){

if(k.getKeyCode() == 83){ //S key


public void keyReleased(KeyEvent k){}
public void keyTyped(KeyEvent k){}

public static void main(String[] args){
MVCE m = new MVCE();


in my game, each sprite is its own file. I will not, under any circumstance, use a sprite sheet.

Expert Answer


Try adding this code to your above program.Hope it will run well.

import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import javax.swing.ImageIcon;

public class MovingSprites {

private int x-co;
private int y-co;
private int x;
private int y;
private Image images;

public MovingSprites() {


private void initSprite() {

ImageIcon img = new ImageIcon(“MovingSprites.png”);
images = img.gettingImages();
x = 40;
y = 60;

public void moving() {
x += x-co;
y += y-co;

public int getXco() {
return x;

public int getYco() {
return y;

public Image gettingImages() {
return images;

public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {

int keyss = e.getKeyCode();

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_LEFT) {
x-co = -1;

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_RIGHT) {
x-co = 1;

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_UP) {
y-co = -1;

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_DOWN) {
y-co = 1;

public void keyReleased(KeyEvent e) {

int keyss = e.getKeyCode();

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_LEFT) {
x-co = 0;

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_RIGHT) {
x-co = 0;

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_UP) {
y-co = 0;

if (keyss == KeyEvent.VK_DOWN) {
y-co = 0;

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