Following are the budgeted income statements for the second quarter of 2016 for SeaTech, Inc.:
|Cost of goods sold*||192,000||228,000||252,000|
* Includes all product costs (i.e., direct materials, direct labor, and manufacturing overhead).
† Includes all period costs (i.e., selling, general, and administrative expenses).
The company expects about 30% of sales to be cash transactions. Of sales on account, 60% are expected to be collected in the first month after the sale is made, and 40% are expected to be collected in the second month after sale. Depreciation, insurance, and property taxes represent $24,000 of the estimated monthly cost of goods sold and $16,000 of the estimated monthly operating expenses. The annual insurance premium is paid in January, and the annual property taxes are paid in August. Of the remainder of the cost of goods sold and operating expenses, 80% are expected to be paid in the month in which they are incurred, and the balance is expected to be paid in the following month.
Current assets as of April 1, 2016, consist of cash of $28,000 and accounts receivable of $299,600 ($209,720 from March credit sales and $89,880 from February credit sales). Current liabilities as of April 1 consist of $36,000 of accounts payable for product costs incurred in March; $9,200 of accrued liabilities for operating expenses incurred in March; and a $80,000, 14%, 120-day note payable that is due on April 17, 2016.
An estimated income tax payment of $80,000 will be made in May. The regular quarterly dividend of $32,000 is expected to be declared in May and paid in June. Capital expenditures amounting to $34,400 will be made in April.
a. Complete the monthly cash budgets for the second quarter of 2016 using the following format. Note that the ending cash balance for June is provided as a check figure. (Use 360 days year for calculations.)
b. Assume that management of SeaTech, Inc., desires to maintain a minimum cash balance of $19,000 at the beginning of each month and has arranged a $100,000 line of credit with a local bank at an interest rate of 9% to ensure the availability of funds. Borrowing transactions are to occur only at the end of months in which the budgeted cash balance would otherwise fall short of the $19,000 minimum balance. Repayments of principal and interest are to occur at the end of the earliest month in which sufficient funds are expected to be available for repayment. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Use 360 days year for calculations.)
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