You have just been hired as a new management trainee by Earrings Unlimited, a distributor of earrings to various retail outlets located in shopping malls across the country. In the past, the company has done very little in the way of budgeting and at certain times of the year has experienced a shortage of cash. Since you are well trained in budgeting, you have decided to prepare a master budget for the upcoming second quarter. To this end, you have worked with accounting and other areas to gather the information assembled below.
The company sells many styles of earrings, but all are sold for the same price—$15 per pair. Actual sales of earrings for the last three months and budgeted sales for the next six months follow (in pairs of earrings):
|January (actual)||22,200||June (budget)||52,200|
|February (actual)||28,200||July (budget)||32,200|
|March (actual)||42,200||August (budget)||30,200|
|April (budget)||67,200||September (budget)||27,200|
The concentration of sales before and during May is due to Mother’s Day. Sufficient inventory should be on hand at the end of each month to supply 40% of the earrings sold in the following month.
Suppliers are paid $5.10 for a pair of earrings. One-half of a month’s purchases is paid for in the month of purchase; the other half is paid for in the following month. All sales are on credit. Only 20% of a month’s sales are collected in the month of sale. An additional 70% is collected in the following month, and the remaining 10% is collected in the second month following sale. Bad debts have been negligible.
Monthly operating expenses for the company are given below:
|Sales commissions||4||% of sales|
Insurance is paid on an annual basis, in November of each year.
The company plans to purchase $21,500 in new equipment during May and $51,000 in new equipment during June; both purchases will be for cash. The company declares dividends of $23,250 each quarter, payable in the first month of the following quarter.
The company’s balance sheet as of March 31 is given below:
|Accounts receivable ($42,300 February sales; $506,400 March sales)||548,700|
|Property and equipment (net)||1,060,000|
|Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity|
|Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity||$||1,857,288|
The company maintains a minimum cash balance of $61,000. All borrowing is done at the beginning of a month; any repayments are made at the end of a month.
The company has an agreement with a bank that allows the company to borrow in increments of $1,000 at the beginning of each month. The interest rate on these loans is 1% per month and for simplicity we will assume that interest is not compounded. At the end of the quarter, the company would pay the bank all of the accumulated interest on the loan and as much of the loan as possible (in increments of $1,000), while still retaining at least $61,000 in cash.
Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30. Include the following detailed schedules:
1. a. A sales budget, by month and in total.
b. A schedule of expected cash collections, by month and in total.
c. A merchandise purchases budget in units and in dollars. Show the budget by month and in total.
d. A schedule of expected cash disbursements for merchandise purchases, by month and in total.
2. A cash budget. Show the budget by month and in total. Determine any borrowing that would be needed to maintain the minimum cash balance of $61,000.
3. A budgeted income statement for the three-month period ending June 30. Use the contribution approach.
4. A budgeted balance sheet as of June 30.
Complete this question by entering your answers in the tabs below.
Required 1A :
Required 2: Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30 that includes a cash budget. Show the budget by month and in total. Determine any borrowing that would be needed to maintain the minimum cash balance of $61,000. (Cash deficiency, repayments and interest should be indicated by a minus sign.)
Required 3: Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30 that includes a budgeted income statement for the three-month period ending June 30. Use the contribution approach.
Required 4 : Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30 that includes a budgeted balance sheet as of June 30.
Complete this question by entering your answers in the tabs below. Required 1A Required 1B Required 1C Required 1DRequired 2 Required 3 Required 4 Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30 that includes a sales budget, by month and in total Sales Budget April May June Quarter Budgeted unit sales Selling price per unit Total sales
|Budgeted Unit Sales||67,200||102,200||52,200||221,600|
|Selling price per unit||$15||$15||$15||$15|
|1B.||Schedule of Expected Cash Collections|
|March Sales||70%, in Apr, 10% in May||$443,100||63,300||$506,400|
|April Sales||20%, 70%, 10%||$201,600||$705,600||$100,800||$1,008,000|
|May Sales||20%, 70%||$306,600||$1,073,100||$1,379,700|
|Total Cash Collections||$687,000||$1,075,500||$1,330,500||$3,093,000|
|Merchandise Purchases Budget|
|Budgeted unit sales||67,200||102,200||52,200||221,600|
|Add: Desired ending inventory 40%||40,880||$20,880||41,760||41,760|
|Less: beginning inventory||26,880||40,880||20,880||88,640|
|Required dollar purchases||$414,120||$419,220||$372,708||$1,206,048|
|Note: Desired ending inventory is 40% of next month’s sales|
|1D. Budgeted Cash Disbursements forMerchandise Purchases|
|June Purchases||50% in July||$186,354||$186,354|
|Total cash payments||$318,060||$416,670||$395,964||$1,130,694|
|Cash Budget for the Quarter ending June 30|
|Beginning Cash Balance||$85,000||$61,000||$157,510||$303,510|
|Add: Collections from customers||$687,000||$1,075,500||$1,330,500||$3,093,000|
|Total cash available||$772,000||$1,136,500||$1,488,010||$3,396,510|
|Less: cash disbursements|
|Total cash disbursements||$861,130||$978,990||$957,784||$2,797,904|
|Excess (deficiency) of receipts over disbursements||($89,130)||$157,510||$530,226||$598,606|
|Ending cash balance||$61,000||$157,510||$377,716||$596,226|