Question & Answer: Thomas Doright, the expatriate heading up Phone and Build’s operations in Growastan, a…..

Thomas Doright, the expatriate heading up Phone and Build’s operations in Growastan, a Central Asian country, has submitted a bid on behalf of Phone and Build for a US$5 million dollar contract to provide telecom services and products for Growastan’s Ministry of Communications. Shortly after Thomas submitted the bid, Growastan’s deputy minister of communications asked Thomas to lunch. As they ate, the deputy minister made a proposal to Thomas: “If you can give me 100,000 US dollars in a bag within one week, the ministry will definitely be able to award the project to Phone and Build. Thomas paused when he heard this: He knew that his yearly bonus was tied to his success in Growastan. The deputy minister noticed the pause: “If you’re uncomfortable paying me directly, you can give me a Maserati that I could use to pick up the winning contract. Or how about this? Why not donate $100,000 to my son’s political campaign?” Thomas looked away from the deputy minister and said nothing. The deputy minister continued, “Did my administrative assistant explain to you how it works when the contracts are announced? You can pay the $1,000 expedited service fee if you want to hear the results of the bid one hour before they’re made public.” After an awkward moment, the deputy minister continued, “Even if Phone and Build wins the bid, without being ‘more cooperative’ it might take a long time for the company’s equipment to clear customs.” Thomas wasn’t sure what to do. When he returned from lunch, he discussed the conversation with his manager of operations, who is a local national.”You have to ‘pay to play’ in his country, that’s just how it is,” his manager explained. What are the specific defenses that could be used for each of the payments proposed by the deputy minister of communications?

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Question & Answer: Thomas Doright, the expatriate heading up Phone and Build’s operations in Growastan, a..... 1

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