# Question & Answer: EXHIBIT 8B-1 Present Value of \$1 Periods 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% 11% 12% 13% 14% 15% 16% 17% 18% 19% 20% 21% 22% 23% 24% 25% 0.962 0.952 0.943…..

ardinal Company is considering a five-year project that would require a \$2,975,000 investment in equipment with a useful life of five years and no salvage value. The company’s discount rate is 14%. The project would provide net operating income in each of five years as follows:

 Sales \$ 2,735,000 Variable expenses 1,000,000 Contribution margin 1,735,000 Fixed expenses: Advertising, salaries, and other fixed out-of-pocket costs \$ 735,000 Depreciation 595,000 Total fixed expenses 1,330,000 Net operating income \$ 405,000

See Appropriate Discount Tables below:

Required:

10.  If the equipment had a salvage value of \$300,000 at the end of five years, would you expect the project’s net present value to be higher, lower, or the same?

11.  If the equipment had a salvage value of \$300,000 at the end of five years, would you expect the project’s simple rate of return to be higher, lower, or the same?

12. Assume a postaudit showed that all estimates (including total sales) were exactly correct except for the variable expense ratio, which actually turned out to be 45%. What was the project’s actual net present value? (Negative amount should be indicated by a minus sign. Round discount factor(s) to 3 decimal places and intermediate calculations to nearest whole dollar amount.)

13. Assume a postaudit showed that all estimates (including total sales) were exactly correct except for the variable expense ratio, which actually turned out to be 45%. What was the project’s actual payback period? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)

14. Assume a postaudit showed that all estimates (including total sales) were exactly correct except for the variable expense ratio, which actually turned out to be 45%. What was the project’s actual simple rate of return? (Round your answer to 2 decimal places. i.e. 0.12342 should be considered as 12.34%.)

EXHIBIT 8B-1 Present Value of \$1 Periods 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% 11% 12% 13% 14% 15% 16% 17% 18% 19% 20% 21% 22% 23% 24% 25% 0.962 0.952 0.943 0.935 0.926 0.917 0.909 0.901 0.893 0.885 0.877 0.870 0.862 0.855 0.847 0.840 0.833 0.826 0.820 0.813 0.806 0.800 925 0.907 0.890 0.873 0.857 0.842 0.826 0.812 0.797 0.783 0.769 0.756 0.743 0.731 0.718 0.706 0.694 0.683 0.672 0.661 0.650 0.640 0.889 0.864 0.840 0.816 0.794 0.772 0.751 0.731 0.712 0.693 0.675 0.658 0.641 0.624 0.609 0.593 0.579 0.564 0.551 0.537 0.524 0.512 0.855 0.823 0.792 0.763 0.735 0.708 0.683 0.659 0.636 0.613 0.592 0.572 0.552 0.534 0.516 0.499 0.482 0.467 0.451 0.437 0.423 0.410 0.822 0.784 0.747 0.713 0.681 0.650 0.621 0.593 0.567 0.543 0.519 0497 0476 0.456 0.437 0419 402 0.388 300355 0.341 328 2 4 6 .370 0.352 0.335 0.319 0.303 0.289 0.275 0.2 790 0.746 0.705 0.666 0.630 0.596 0.564 0.535 0.507 0.480 0.456 0.432 0.410 0.390 0 7 0.583 0.547 0.513 0.482 0.452 0.425 0.400 0.376 0.354 0.333 0.314 0.296 0.279 0.263 0.249 0.235 0.222 0.210 731 0.677 0.627 0.582 0.540 0.502 0.467 0.434 0.404 0.376 0.351 0.327 0.305 0.285 0.266 0.249 0.233 0.218 0.204 0.191 0.179 0.168 60 0.711 0.6 703 0.645 0.592 0.544 0. 500 0.460 0.424 0.391 0.361 0.333 0.308 0.284 0.263 0.243 0.225 0.209 0.194 0.180 0.167 0.155 0.144 0.1 0.676 0.614 0.558 0.508 0.463 0.422 0.386 0.352 0.322 0.295 0.270 0.247 0.227 0.208 0.191 0.176 0.162 0.149 0.137 0.126 0.116 0.107 0.650 0.585 0.527 0.475 0.429 0.388 0.350 0.317 0.287 0.261 0.237 0.215 0.195 0.178 0.162 0.148 0.135 0.123 0.112 0.103 0.094 0.086 0.625 0.557 0.497 0.444 0.397 0.356 0.319 0.286 0.257 0.231 0.208 0.187 0.168 0.152 0.137 0.124 0.112 0.102 0.092 0.083 0.076 0.069 0.601 0.530 0.469 0.415 0.368 0.326 0.290 0.258 0.229 0.204 0.182 0.163 0.145 0.130 0.116 0.104 0.093 0.084 0.075 0.068 0.061 0.055 0.577 0.505 0.442 0.388 0.340 0.299 0.263 0.232 0.205 0.181 0.160 0.141 0.125 0.111 0.099 0.088 0.078 0.069 0.062 0.055 0.049 0.044 0.555 0.481 0.417 0.362 0.315 0.275 0.239 0.209 0.183 0.160 0.140 0.123 0.108 0.095 0.084 0.074 0.065 0.057 0.051 0.045 0.040 0.035 12 0.218 0.188 0.163 0.141 0.123 0.534 0.458 0.394 0.339 0.292 0.252 0.513 0.4 0.107 0.093 0.081 0.071 0.062 0.054 0.047 0.042 0.036 0.032 0.028 0.371 0.317 0.270 0.231 0.198 0.170 0.146 0.125 0.108 0.093 0.080 0.069 0.060 0.052 0.045 0.039 0.034 0.030 0.026 0.023 0.350 0.296 0.250 0.212 0.180 0.153 0.130 0.111 0.095 0.081 0.069 0.059 0.051 0.044 0.038 0.032 0.028 0.024 0.021 0.018 0.475 0.396 0.331 0.277 0.232 0.194 0.164 0.138 0.116 0.098 0.083 0.070 0.060 0.051 0.043 0.037 0.031 0.027 0.023 0.020 0.017 0.014 0.456 0.377 0.312 0.258 0.215 0.178 0.149 0.124 0.104 0.087 0.073 0.061 0.051 0.043 0.037 0.031 0.026 0.022 0.019 0.016 0.014 0.012 17 36 0.416 20 21 23 24 25 0.439 0.359 0.294 0.242 0.199 0.164 0.135 0.112 0.093 0.077 0.064 0.053 0.044 0.037 0.031 0.026 0.022 0.018 0.015 0.013 0.011 0.009 0.422 0.342 0.278 0.226 0.184 0.150 0.123 0.101 0.083 0.068 0.056 0.046 0.038 0.032 0.026 0.022 0.018 0.015 0.013 0.011 0.009 0.007 0.406 0.326 0.262 0.211 0.170 0.138 0.112 0.091 0.074 0.060 0.049 0.040 0.033 0.027 0.022 0.018 0.015 0.012 0.010 0.009 0.007 0.006 0.390 0.310 0.247 0.197 0.158 0.126 0.102 0.082 0.066 0.053 0.043 0.035 0.028 0.023 0.019 0.015 0.013 0.010 0.008 0.007 0.006 0.005 0.375 0.295 0.233 0.184 0.146 0.116 0.092 0.074 0.059 0.047 0.038 0.030 0.024 0.020 0.016 0.013 0.010 0.009 0.007 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.361 0.281 0.220 0.172 0.135 0.106 0.084 0.066 0.053 0.042 0.033 0.026 0.021 0.017 0.014 0.011 27 28 29 30 0.009 0.007 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.347 0.268 0.207 0.161 0.125 0.098 0.076 0.060 0.047 0.037 0.029 0.023 0.018 0.014 0.011 0.009 0.007 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.002 0.333 0.255 0.196 0.150 0.116 0.090 0.069 0.054 0.042 0.033 0.026 0.020 0.016 0.012 0.010 0.008 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.002 0.002 0.107 0.082 0.063 0.048 0.037 0.029 0.022 0.017 0.014 0.011 0.008 0.006 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.308 0.231 0.174 0.131 0.099 0.075 0.057 0.044 0.033 0.026 0.020 0.015 0.012 0.009 0.007 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.003 0.002 0.002 0.001 0.321 0.243 0.185 0.1 41 40 0.208 0.142 0.097 0.067 0.046 0.032 0.022 0.015 0.011 0.008 0.005 0.004 0.003 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000