Question & Answer: A) Pyridine is a weak base that is used in the manufacture of pesticides and plastic resins……

A)

Pyridine is a weak base that is used in the manufacture of pesticides and plastic resins. It is also a component of cigarette smoke. Pyridine ionizes in water as follows:

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C5H5N+H2O⇌C5H5NH++OH−

The pKb of pyridine is 8.75. What is the pH of a 0.205 M solution of pyridine?

Express the pH numerically to two decimal places.

B)

Benzoic acid is a weak acid that has antimicrobial properties. Its sodium salt, sodium benzoate, is a preservative found in foods, medications, and personal hygiene products. Benzoic acid dissociates in water:

C6H5COOH⇌C6H5COO−+H+

The pKa of this reaction is 4.2. In a 0.56 M solution of benzoic acid, what percentage of the molecules are ionized?

Express the percentage numerically using two significant figures.

Expert Answer

Answer

            C5H5N+H2O⇌C5H5NH++OH−

I            0.205                   0              0

C         -x                          +x            +x

E       0.205-x                  +x             +x

Pkb = 8.75

-logkb   = 8.75

Kb     =10^-8.75   = 1.78*10^-9

Kb    = [C5H5NH^+][OH^-]/[C5H5N]

1.78*10^-9   = x*x/0.205-x

1.78*10^-9 *(0.205-x) = x^2

x   = 1.9*10^-5

[OH-]   = x   = 1.9*10^-5 M

POH   = -log[OH-]

= -log1.9*10^-5

= 4.7212

PH       = 14-POH

= 14-4.7212

= 9.2788

B.

C6H5COOH⇌C6H5COO−+H+

I         0.56                  0                  0

C        -x                       +x                +x

E      0.56-x                  +x               +x

Pka   = 4.2

-logKa   = 4.2

Ka   = 10^-4.2

Ka    = 6.3*10^-5

Ka   =     [C6H5COO−][H+]/[C6H5COOH]

6.3*10^-5    = x*x/(0.56-x)

6.3*10^-5*(0.56-x) = x^2

x    = 0.0059

[H+]   =x = 0.0059M

percentage ionisation    =0.0059*100/0.56    = 1.053% >>>>>answer

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