2. Myer incorporates (as examples) 3 industry standards into their e-commerce process.
a. List each of these standards and do some research on them.
♦ ANSI EDI & EDIFACT transaction formats for Purchase Orders, Reverse Purchase Orders (RPOs) and Advance Ship Notes (ASNs) –
♦ GS1-128 (formerly UCC/EAN-128) Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC’s) for carton labelling
♦ GTIN (and other previous equivalents, such as EAN, APN and UPC) for product numbering
b. Explain what each standard covers. https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/dc4eaf25-44f6-4f3f-855a-26e754a6f7a8
c. Check whether each of these standards would be relevant for the company you work with and whether your company incorporates them in their processes.
The standards being incorporated are as follows:
- ANSI EDI & EDIFACT transaction formats for Purchase orders; Reverse purchase orders( RPO’s) and advance ship notes(ASNs)
In 1979, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) contracted the Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12 to create uniform principles for between industry electronic trade of business exchanges, to be specific electronic information trade.
ANSI X12 was initially considered to help organizations crosswise over various industry segments in North America, however, today there are more than 300,000 organizations overall utilizing X12 EDI gauges in day by day business exchanges. ASC X12 additionally adds to UN/EDIFACT messages that are utilized broadly outside of the United States
- GS1-128( formerly UCC/EAN-128) Serial Shipping Container Code (SSCC’s) for carton labeling
GS1-128 was created to give a worldwide standard to trading information between various organizations. GS1-128 encodes the information, as well as gives a technique for characterizing the significance of the information by characterizing a rundown of “Utilization Identifiers” (AI’s). In 2006, the Uniform Code Council changed their name to GS1 US, and have moved towards making worldwide naming structures for all their wording and rules. Thus, UCC/EAN-128 standardized identifications are currently referenced as GS1-128. GS1-128 is without anyone else, not a standardized identification dialect (symbology). It is a standard that characterizes both the sort of information and the information organized. Fundamentally, GS1-128 is a subsidiary dialect of the Code 128 symbology, using a hailing character (Function Code 1 (FNC1)) and application identifiers.
- GTIN (and other previous equivalents, such as EAN, APN, and UPC) for product numbering
The GTIN is an all around one of a kind 14-digit number used to distinguish trade items, products, and services. GTIN is likewise an umbrella term that alludes to the whole group of UCC.EAN information structures. The whole group of information structures within the GTIN is: GTIN-12 (UPC) ,GTIN-13 (EAN-13) ,GTIN-14 (EAN/UCC-128 or ITF-14) and GTIN-8 (EAN-8).
(B) What each standard covers?
The GS1-128 is a special type of the Code 128. It’s utilized for products and palettes in business and industry. The name GS1-128 replaces the old name EAN/UCC 128. There can be coded more than one information field inside one standardized identification. For instance, a sustenance palette gets a standardized tag with the item number (e.g. the EAN 13 number) and extra the weight and the draw date. To code, this distinctive information field inside one standardized identification the GS1-128 or EAN/UCC-128 codes utilized the worldwide standard of Application Identifiers (AI). A standardized identification could resemble this:
The numbers inside the sections are the Application Identifiers (AI) and the information behind is the information for this AI. The sections are utilized for the comprehensible line of the barcode. There are not coded! The AI “(01)” characterizes that the item code takes after. This item code is dependably 14 digits in length. This length is indicated with the AI. These 14 information digits take after straightforwardly to the AI. After the item code of 14 digits, the following AI takes after. In this case, it’s the draw date, indicated with the AI “(15)”. This one is dependably 6 digits in length and must be indicated utilizing the veil YYMMTT. In this illustration, the date is 31st December 2005
A typical GS1-128 barcode has the following:
- Code 128 start character (START-A, START-B or START-C)
- Code 128 FNC1 character
- Application Identifier (AI)
- Encoded Data
- Symbol Check character
- Stop Character
ANSI EDI & EDIFACT
In the realm of EDI, there are two noteworthy models: ANSI X12 and EDIFACT. These two measures both satisfy the capacity of trading reports electronically. In any case, there are various routes in which ANSI X12 and EDIFACT are unique.
- ANSI X12 was developed by the American National Standards Institute and is used for North America transaction sets.
- EDIFACT was developed by the United Nations Economic Commission. Outside of North America, it is the most widely used standard.
- ANSI X12’s interchange header is marked ISA. Separators include ~, *, and >.
- EDIFACT’s interchange header is marked as UNB. Separators include ‘, +, and :.
Joined Nations/Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce, and Transport is the worldwide standard that was produced by the United Nations. Crafted by the support and further improvement of this standard is done through the United Nations Center for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) under the UN Economic Commission for Europe. The EDIFACT standard gives an arrangement of sentence structure guidelines to structure, an intelligent trade convention and gives an arrangement of standard messages which permit multi-nation and multi-industry trade of electronic business records. EDIFACT is generally utilized crosswise over Europe, principally because of the way that many organizations embraced it at an early stage. EDIFACT has seen some selection in the ASPAC district, be that as it may, there are as of now more XML-based gauges being utilized as a part of this specific area today.
GTIN depicts a group of GS1 (EAN.UCC) worldwide information structures that utilize 14 digits and can be encoded into different sorts of information transporters. As of now, GTIN is utilized solely inside scanner tags, yet it could likewise be utilized as a part of other information transporters, for example, radio frequency identification (RFID). The GTIN is just a term and does not affect any current measures, nor does it put any extra prerequisites on examining equipment. For North American organizations, the UPC is a current type of the GTIN.
The group of information structures (not symbologies) containing GTIN includes:
GTIN-12 (UPC-A): this is a 12-digit number utilized basically in North America
GTIN-8 (EAN/UCC-8): this is an 8-digit number utilized predominately outside of North America
GTIN-13 (EAN/UCC-13): this is a 13-digit number utilized predominately outside of North America
GTIN-14 (EAN/UCC-14 or ITF-14): this is a 14-digit number used to recognize exchange things at different bundling levels
These standards are used worldwide in the industries. GTIN is the most widely used product identification bar code. Therefore, this is being followed by a large set of industries and the standard is being maintained by our company also. The devices and software that are being developed are incorporated with the default set of GTIN and consequently the best and easiest standard to follow is the GTIN in the case of product identification.