Morphine (1) Essay

Alyssa ScottDr. WatkinsOctober 30,2018 MorphineMorphine is a drug that works with the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain [1]. Morphine is helps relieve severe or minor pain [1]. Works by blocking pain signals from travelling the nerves to the brain [1]. Used to treat severe pain some examples is an operation, serious injury, pain from cancer, or a heart attack [1]. Morphine is only available by prescriptions, it comes as tablets,capsules,granules that dissolve in water, a liquid, and an injection [1].

The only way to get an injection done is by going to the hospital [1]. Discovered by Friedrich Wilhelm Adam Serturner (1783-1841) he was a 21 year old pharmacists assistant [2]. Morphine was widely used in the 18th century by physicians [2]. Named the substance Morphine after the greek God of dreams, the tendency to cause sleep [2]. The hypodermic needle was created in 1853 and the spread of Morphine became more common [2]. The earliest application was used as pain reliever and it is still used a pain relieve till this day [2].

Originally touted as a cure for many maladies, even for alcohol and opium addiction [2]. The United States passed the Harrison Narcotic Act in December 1914 [2]. The Harrison Narcotic Act is controlled the preparation and distribution of medical opium, morphine, heroin, cocaine, and any new derivative that could be shown to have similar properties [2].Morphines side effects consists of nausea, vomiting, constipation, lightheadedness, dizziness, drowsiness, or sweating may occur [3]. Some of the side effects may decrease after you have been using the medication for a while [3]. Get up slowly when sitting down or from a lying position, to reduce the risk of dizziness and lightheadedness [3]. Many people using the medication tend to not have serious side effects [3]. If you have serious side effects like mental/mood changes, severe stomach pain, difficulty urinating, signs of your adrenal glands not working well [3]. Seek medical attention if you are experiencing serious side effects including fainting, seizure, slow/shallow breathing, severe drowsiness/difficulty waking up [3]. An allergic reaction to Morphine is rare but, if you are experiencing any symptoms such as a rash, itching/swelling, (of the tongue/face/throat),severe dizziness, trouble breathing [3]. The list above is not all of the side effects of the medication, if you are experiencing any of the side effects and they are not listed contact your doctor of pharmacist [3].Morphine is taken by the mouth a good pain relief to people with moderate to severe cancer pain [4]. Pain tends to get worse as cancer progresses, a person who gets cancer in two to three weeks will experience pain that is moderate or severe [4]. It has been used to control pain since the 1950’s, in 1986 the World Health Organization has recommended that you take an oral intake of Morphine every four hours [4]. Morphine is available in different ways that will release the medication over various periods of time [4]. More than 9 in 10 patients before taking Morphine had moderate or severe pain [4]. More than 6 in 10 patients who took Morphine were very satisfied with the treatment [4]. Only 1 in about 20 didn’t wish to continue with treatment because of the side effects [4]. Morphine is associated with side effects people don’t want like nausea, constipation, and vomiting [4]. Morphine carries a risk of abuse,misuse,and addiction particularly common in people who have personal or family substance abuse [5]. Addiction is very common when people are seeking drugs like calling or visiting emergency rooms near closing hours, constantly losing your prescriptions [5]. If you don’t abuse Morphine, you may still become physically dependent on the drug, and suffer from withdrawal once you stop taking it [5]. The withdrawal symptoms are teary eyes and runny nose, sweating and chills, weakness, back/muscle/or joint pain, quickened heartbeat or breathing,irritability and anxiety restlessness/yawning/and difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep [5].Addiction is an excessive craving, if you are addicted to it means that you are not others and be sensitive to the cravings [6]. You may be at risk if you have mental health problems like depression, substance abuse, including alcohol and drug abuse [6]. To reduce not getting addicted to Morphine use the medication for the necessary time that the doctor has prescribed [6]. Take the dosage that the doctor has prescribed, do not take anymore, do not take it often, and do not take it past the time your doctor has prescribed [7]. Avinza is taken every 24 hours, Kadian is taken every 12 or 24 hours at the same time of each day [7]. Arymo ER, Morphabond ER, and MS Contin is taken every 8 or 12 hours. You can take the medication either with or without food [7]. Patients who have been using narcotic pain medicines should take Morphine extended release capsules and extend release tablets [7]. Swallow the tablets and capsules whole do not crush them, break them, dissolve them, or chew them, if the capsules or tablets able to control yourself [6]. Some people are most likely to have an addiction rather than are broken do not use them [7]. The capsules or tablets work from the regular Morphine oral solutions or tablets, do not switch from one brand to another unless your doctor has instructed you to do so [7]. The average household teaspoon may not hold the accurate amount so use a measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup instead [7]. URL TitleWebMDArticle TitleMorphine Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & DosingDate AccessedNovember 12, 20182. URL TitleTalbott RecoveryArticle TitleHistory of MorphineDate PublishedOctober 12, 2018Date AccessedNovember 12, 20183. URL TitleWebMDArticle TitleMorphine Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & DosingDate AccessedNovember 12, 20184. URL TitleDrug treatments for constipation caused by antipsychotic medicationsArticle TitleCochraneDate AccessedNovember 12, 20185. URL TitleStroke Center – EverydayHealth.comArticle TitleMorphine (Roxanol) – Side Effects, Dosage, Interactions – DrugsDate PublishedJanuary 12, 2015Date AccessedNovember 12, 20186. URL TitleComing Soon…Article TitleComing Soon…Date AccessedNovember 12, 20187.URL TitleMayo ClinicArticle TitleMorphine (Oral Route) Description and Brand NamesDate PublishedOctober 01, 2018Date AccessedNovember 12, 2018

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