1. Explain what is meant by ‘Person Centred Values’
It is to ensure that an individual is at the centre of their care and in control of the planning and support, upholding and promoting dignity, choice, individuality, respect, rights and privacy, independence and partnership.
2. Explain why it is important to work in a way that embeds person centred approach
It is important to work in a way that embeds person centred approach in order to promote individuality , this allows the individual to make their own choices and decisions.
This also enables them to understand the consequences as well as the possible risks of such decisions and choice that may relate to their own health and well-being.
3. Explain why risk taking can be a part of person centred approach
Taking risks should not exclude a person from participating because the benefit can outweigh the risk. The ability to recognise, access and manage risks is essential to a person’s physical safety. It is the duty of a care provider to support the independence of the individual and manage any associated risks.
Once the individual has made a choice, a risk assessment can then be put into place and recorded in the care plans.
4. Explain why using an individual’s care plan contributes to working in a person centred way
Just as our needs change, so do those of the individuals we support. It is important to recognise that as needs change, the support which is provided will also need to be reviewed regularly, to see if any changes or adjustments are required. You have a responsibility to listen to the individual, and to hear what they are saying, to write down any information about the change or support in their care plan and contact your supervisor or manager if this is likely to have an impact on the level, or type of care and support that is provided.
5. Explain the importance of establishing consent when providing care or support
Consent should be gained for all activity, even if you were getting clothes out for an individual, you should ask for their consent, Consent helps to promote dignity, stops abuse, and allows the individual to make their own choices . It is essential for people not only to give their consent, but also to fully understand what they are consenting to, and the implications of this. People have become more comfortable with the idea of being asked for their views and consent. If no consent is given then you cannot proceed with the care. It is illegal to carry out a task without consent, or to put pressure on the person and go against their wishes. Consent can be implied verbal or written. Gaining consent protects both the carer and the person against legal challenges.
6. Explain what steps should be taken if consent cannot be readily established
A person’s capacity to give consent should be assessed at the time the consent is required. Sometimes the person may not understand the choices they have or what is being asked of them. We must make sure as care workers that we do our best to help the person understand as much as they can. In the case of most of the individuals we care for, the individuals are usually asked to give consent, but if consent is not able to be given by the individual, then family members may give consent on their behalf.
If a family member refuses to give consent to something that would place the individuals health in danger ,you would immediately need to contact your manager and ask them for advice, and to speak to the individual or family about any concerns. In general when seeking consent from the individual, if a person does not understand the question and every effort has been made, the next of kin is usually asked. If a person has a mental health disorder such as dementia or a learning disability such as autism an advocate may be able to give consent for them.
7. Describe how active participation benefits the individual
Active participation is essential to a person’s well-being and happiness, it allows the individual to think about what they can do for their self. It allows the individual to socialise and have relationships with others, and stops them from isolating themselves. It promotes independence and can help enhance the quality of the individuals life.
8. What kind of barriers is there that may prevent active participation?
The kind of barriers are learning difficulties, physical disabilities and language barriers. You need to find ways to reduce barriers to activate participation by physical aids, communication aids and visual aids.
9. Explain why a workers personal view should not influence an individual’s choice
A workers personal view should not influence an individual’s choice because it takes away the individuals human rights, and their ability to make choices for their self, It can affect their self esteem, it takes away the individual’s dignity, respect and fairness. It does not allow the individual to have their own thoughts and beliefs.
10. Describe how to support an individual to question or challenge decisions concerning them that are made by others
That depends on the mental capacity of the individual you want to support. First, you must get their permission and then you must get them to express as exactly what help they feel they need. Then you can offer further information, suggestions, and a plan to challenge such decisions. You could offer to be their spokesperson if they weren’t confident enough to speak out, or to accompany them to any hearing or appointment. If the person is mentally impaired, you would have to get their signed permission to speak and act on their behalf before any health or social care workers would listen to you. Because of issues of confidentiality, you either have to be next of kin, or obtain powers of attorney or guardianship.
11. Explain how individual’s identity and self-esteem are linked with well-being
People come from different back grounds and have different views and needs. In order for older people to reach their maximum potential, their basicphysical and psychological needs should be met first. People have a chance of feeling good about them self if they are respected, encouraged to be independent, actively take part in traditions associated with their culture and religious beliefs.
12. Describe attitudes and approaches that are likely to promote an individual’s well-being
To work in partnership to achieve and set goals that are realistic, encourage individuals to develop and gain confidence in order to feel good about themselves and raise their own self esteem by communication with positive encouragement and active listening. Helping the individual to develop as much independence and assertiveness as they can. creating and maintaining a positive environment with interesting activities and pleasant surroundings.