Different Methods of Contraception Essay

Different Methods of ContraceptionA table showing the different methods of contraceptionBessie ObidikeGrade 12A description of the method of contraception The advantages of the method of contraception The disadvantages of the method of contraception The effectiveness of the method of contraception against pregnancy The effectiveness of the method of contraception against the contraction of HIV/AIDS and STDsOral Contraceptives The pill contains hormones, progestin and estrogen, which is used to prevent pregnancy. The hormones prevent ovulation from occurring which prevents the ovaries from being released from the female’s egg.

The hormones also cause the cervical mucus to thicken and thin the uterus lining which acts as a barrier which prevents the sperm from reaching the egg. It can reduce premenstrual syndrome symptoms such as acne and cramps.It reduces the risk of certain cancers (endometrial and ovarian cancer).It can cause more shorter and lighter menstruation periodsIt does not affect one’s fertility once this method is stopped.It provides protection against pelvic inflammatory disease It needs to be used every dayIt can cause certain side effects such as nausea, increased appetite, headaches, and blood clotsIt requires a prescription from a medical professionalIt causes a higher risk of heart attack and strokeIt causes a higher risk of high blood pressure It is a highly effective method against pregnancy as there is a less than 2% that the method is ineffective.

It is 98% effective against pregnancy. It is an ineffective method against the contraction of any STDsContraceptive Implants A small capsule or rods is implanted under the female’s skin on her upper arm through a minor procedure performed by medical professional. The capsule contains the hormone progestin which helps to suppress ovulation from occurring which prevents the ovaries from being released from the female’s egg. The hormone also causes the cervical mucus to thicken and thin the uterus lining which acts as a barrier which prevents the sperm from reaching the egg. It is a long-lasting method which can last up to 3 yearsIt can cause light menstruation periods It does not affect one’s fertility once this method is stopped.It can be used by women who do not react well to the hormone estrogenIt is safe to use if a woman is breastfeedingIt requires a surgical procedure in order to insert and remove the implant.An infection can develop in the location where the implant is placedIt can cause certain side effects such as irregular menstrual periods, depression, nervousness, hair loss, and weight gainCertain medications can cause the implant to become ineffectiveIt can cause acne or it can worsen acneIt is a highly effective method against pregnancy as there is a less than 1% that the method is ineffective. It is 99% effective against pregnancy. It is an ineffective method against the contraction of any STDsHormonal Intrauterine Device (IUD) A small, T-shaped, flexible, plastic device is inserted into the womb. It releases the hormone progestin which helps to suppress ovulation from occurring which prevents the ovaries from being released from the female’s egg. The hormone also causes the cervical mucus to thicken and thin the uterus lining which acts as a barrier which prevents the sperm from reaching the egg. It is a long-lasting device which can last up to 5-10 yearsIt is safe to use if a woman is breastfeedingIt is not affected by any type of medication usedIt does not affect one’s fertility once this method is stopped.It does not cause any hormonal side effects such as acne, headaches and breast tendernessIt can cause pelvic infections if the device is not fitted correctlyIt can cause certain side effects such as vaginal bleeding and painIt can fall out and it may puncture the uterusIt can cause pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, preterm labor, infection following a miscarriage, and ectopic pregnancy.There can be pain during the procedures of insertion and removal It is a highly effective method against pregnancy as there is a less than 1% that the method is ineffective. It is 99% effective against pregnancy. It is an ineffective method against the contraction of any STDsMale Condoms A thin rubber or latex sheath is placed onto the male’s erect penis before intercourse. It acts a physical barrier which prevents the male’s sperm and semen from entering the woman’s body. It only needs to be used during sexual activity and not before as a type of preparationIt can cause a few number of medical side effectsIt can found at various convenient places such as supermarkets and petrol stationsIt can be found in various forms vary in sizes, shapes and flavorsIt can be used in addition to other certain birth control methods in order to increase the effectiveness against pregnancy and STDs It can cause a latex-related allergy to some womenThere can be an insertion during sexual intercourseIt needs to be replaced every time one engages in sexual activityIt can disrupt sexual intercourse as it needs to be inserted before sexual activityThe penis must be erect in order to hold the condom firmly in place It is a highly effective method against pregnancy as there is a less than 15% that the method is ineffective. It is 85% effective against pregnancy It is an effective method against the contraction of any STDs. It is 85% effective against the contraction of STDsWithdrawal Method It is a traditional method of contraception which involves retracting the male penis just before ejaculation. It prevents the semen from entering the woman’s body but it does not ensure the semen from pre-ejaculation from entering her body. The semen must not reach anywhere near your partner’s genitals. It is a free contraceptive methodIt does not cause any medical side effectsIt is a very effective method if it is used with an additional contraceptive methodIt is a natural contraceptive methodIt is a method that involves both the male and female partners during sexual intercourseIt is difficult for men to predict the exact time of ejaculationIt is an ineffective method for men who ejaculate prematurelyIt is an ineffective method for inexperienced individualsThe effectiveness of this method depends solely on the actions of the malePregnancy and STD contraction is highly likely whenever the male’s penis is in contact with the female’s vagina It is not a highly effective method against pregnancy as there is a less than 22% that the method is ineffective. It is 78% effective against pregnancy. It is an ineffective method against the contraction of any STDsReferencesPlagiarism Report

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