How to write an oral presentation essay

How to write an oral presentation essay

Public speaking is one of society’s most common fears. This finding is according to most surveys conducted on what society fears. So paralyzing is glossophobia –the fear of oral presentation that some people would rather die (although there is no known record of such an occurrence).

Social science attributes 90% of glossophobia to a lack of proper preparation. So if you can learn how to write an effective oral presentation essay, you can overcome this fear. The benefits of this and other subsequent preparations on your oral presentation assignments will also equip you with skills to boost your career. Because glossophobia inhibits promotion to management level by 15% and cuts wages by 10%. 

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The thing is, you have nothing to fear. Writing for oral communication isn’t daunting since it follows the same process as essay writing. Where you must understand the topic, research it and formulate a veritable argument.

To guarantee the success of your oral presentation essay, focus on delivering a persuasive oral presentation essay. The content must be well organized, lucid, and vastly compelling.

A feat that’s only achievable if you commit to develop and execute strategies for effective oral delivery. This handy article, therefore, shares a comprehensive guide on how to make a good oral presentation essay to ensure you deliver an incredible oral speech.

What is an oral presentation essay?

An oral presentation essay is a talk you give to a live or virtual audience on the findings of a topic you have researched. Its primary purpose is to either inform, persuade or motivate. An oral presentation assignment enables you to develop exceptional skills in summarizing a topic within the given time, boosting your confidence, and making you an organized thinker and speaker.

The objectives of an oral presentation essay

No matter how riveting your content is, an oral presentation essay is only effective if the delivery enthralls your audience. For this to happen, you must have a clear idea of the desired outcome. Below are three points to guide the formulation of your objectives.

1. What do you want the oral presentation to achieve?

Oral presentations are made to effect change, increase knowledge or deepen understanding about a particular subject topic. Thus, depending on the type of oral presentation essay you’re assigned, its purpose must be clear to you. Establishing this purpose involves thoroughly reviewing your professor’s instructions, seeking clarification if need be and then, developing strategies for effective oral delivery.

2.What action do you want your audience to take after your presentation?

With clarity on the purpose of an oral presentation essay, what should be the focus of any speaker? Your focus as a speaker should be on pleasing your audience because it controls the outcome. 

According to research by soap presentations, an effective presentation is 38% your voice, 55% non-verbal communication, and only 7% of your content. To succeed, leverage this insight to ensure the outcome favors you.

3.What is the key message of your content to your audience?

A clear message is critical to any oral speech. It’s your central idea and what makes your oral presentation essay unique. Your message must also be distinct during and after delivery. Most oral presentation essays fail due to frivolity and lack of focus, leaving an audience confused and unable to take the desired action.

For an idea of what to aim for as you list your presentation’s objectives, click here for an oral presentation example.

How to start an oral essay

You’re now ready to start preparing your oral presentation structure. Use it as a guide to ensure that you don’t leave out anything. 

1.Gather all the details

The first step to making your oral presentation a reality is to gather all the essential details about it. Great speeches don’t happen by themselves; they’re made to happen through meticulous planning. Have all the necessary details at hand. In particular, your allocated time and duration plus the venue and mode of presentation.

Knowing your audience and their expectations will also guide you in structuring the content to suit them. For instance, an audience that is inclined to oppose your ideas needs more evidence. If they’re inclined to agree with you, consider what will excite or endear them to you.

If you don’t have information on your audience, map out the possible scenarios and prepare for them. You’ll also need a visual presentation to emphasize your key messages. Think of relevant quotes and graphics in line with your content, which is likely to charm communication audiences.

Finally, have a contingency plan in case your computer crashes, or the power goes off. One way to mitigate this is by familiarizing yourself beforehand, with the equipment and venue or space from where you’ll be making your presentation.

2.Research and master

With all the necessary details at your fingertips, focus on the actual presentation content. Regardless of the topic, proper research is imperative for an outstanding oral presentation. 

With your chosen topic, collect the necessary information and select only the essential information needed to communicate your key messages. Be certain to master the content and become an authority on it as is reasonably possible.

The idea is that you should be deft at it to the point where a presentation becomes irrelevant and is only useful as a visual prop to maintain audience attention.  As an authority on the subject topic, you’ll also have the ability to anticipate and respond sufficiently to all possible questions from the audience.

A discerning audience will know whether you’re conversant with the topic or are just regurgitating facts. So to ensure you capture everything you’d like to talk about in the presentation, prepare a comprehensive checklist.

3.Create an outline

The checklist follows a critical path that will assist you to create an outline. The outline will in turn give your oral speech its structure and flow. The clearer your outline, the clearer your oral presentation essay will be. Below are a general outline and practical guide on how to deliver an oral report.

The introduction

Your oral presentation introduction is where you pack a punch to capture your audience’s attention, so make it count. You can either relay a little-known fact about your research paper, tell a funny joke or deliver a thought-provoking statement.

With your preferred introduction holding them captive, tell them what you’re going to talk about by sharing the context of your presentation. Then, highlight your key messages and spell out what they should expect from your oral presentation. 

In contextualizing your oral presentation, first explain who you are, who you worked with, the capacity in which you did the work, and your exact role. This section should take 10-15% of the allotted time. For ideas on how to structure your introduction, view this oral presentation introduction example.

The body

Consider the content in this section as the ‘thesis’ of your essay oral presentation. It’s what you’ve been building up to with all the research. Right from the start, focus on what you came to tell the audience. Let your salient points be clear and aim to deliver them as soon as possible.

Be succinct, speak audibly in a conversational way, and keep repeating your key messages with different phrases so that the audience becomes adept at identifying them. Use your visual presentation cleverly to emphasize the same. Even though an oral presentation doesn’t require much written detail, have reading cards with words, phrases, or notes to use as a quick reference for each part of the oral presentation.

Another good strategy is to have a page of notes for each slide of your visual presentation. Such that when you refer to each new page of notes, it’s also your cue to move to the corresponding slide. This action creates a natural pause, allowing your audience to ponder over what you’re presenting.

Your reading notes should;

  • Have a large, legible font like Arial 16, which you can bold, especially if you’re short-sighted. 
  • Use color coding to highlight the most critical elements of your oral speech.
  • Include prompts and reminders for actions you need to take at each step or topic.

More importantly, know how to speak, vary your voice and decide the organizational pattern, persuasive or informative, that you’d like your presentation to take. For this, you’ll research an outstanding oral speech similar to yours and adopt the speaking techniques used by that speaker. Other techniques you can adopt are:

  • Keep it simple – aim to simplify complex topics because not everyone is familiar with your content. As mentioned previously in this article, be permeable to your audience to ensure they take the desired action.
  • Repeat model – this emphasizes repeating the key messages as you speak at each stage of your presence online. Be it the introduction, body, or conclusion, your key messages should always be evident.

Remember: You got your audience’s attention with your introduction, and now this is the only chance you have to prove to them that they’re not wasting their time by attending your oral presentation. You can also research further on how to write an oral presentation example to be sure that you’re not only well prepared but that you have adhered to expected standards.

.The conclusion

Deliver a resounding conclusion because your audience is wired to anticipate it. Whatever you told them in the introduction and body, repeat it in summary. Let them know that you’ve concluded the oral speech by informing them that you’ve achieved your intention and that it has come to an end.

It’s also at this point that you make acknowledgments, thank the audience for attending and also invite questions and feedback. During your preparation process, you’ll have worked on a set of anticipated questions with the appropriate answers. If you’re asked a question and don’t have a ready answer, be honest with the audience and give them a time frame to expect the answer.

If you’d like to view an oral presentation template, refer to this one here. Plus, once you’ve internalized the outline, please review it and fill any gaps. See to it that it flows chronologically, your ideas are logically organized, and that it’s easy to understand.

Mechanics for making an oral presentation

oral presentation essay

If you write your oral presentation essay and leave it for the presentation day, your chances of a dismal performance are high. Once you’ve written it and prepared a visual of the same, practice incessantly. Below are some character qualities required to boost your efforts.


You’ll need a fair amount of self-belief to speak authoritatively to your audience. To build or boost your confidence, develop the right attitude, as this will be evident in how you stand, look into the crowd, and talk. How do you achieve this?

Select a suitable outfit, dress smartly and comfortably as you would on the day. Similarly, set up the visual presentation, stand in front of the mirror, and start talking. Train yourself to speak out in a manner that allows the audience to hear and listen to you. Learn to speak slowly and audibly, with each word rolling off your tongue quickly. 

Avoid fillers like ‘erm,’ ‘eh,’ and ‘yeah.’ Vary your voice, instill emotion, and know how to use pause for emphasis. Adopt a signature stance you’re comfortable with by learning to use your body as you move around and gesture. In addition, develop suitable facial expressions and smile where appropriate to deliver a persuasive oral presentation essay. Keep doing this until the day of your presentation.

2. Passion

No matter how amazing your oral presentation is, keeping a captive audience is no mean feat. Knowing how to start an oral presentation and how to keep going while maintaining their attention will all boil down to how passionate you are about your presentation. If your topic is highly scientific or dry, you must go the extra mile to ensure you don’t lose the audience. 

Don’t speak in a monotone; instead, apply some passion in your voice. An impassioned speech can translate to the audience forming an interest in the subject even when they weren’t familiar with it. You can also learn to weave storytelling into your presentation or if this isn’t your strong suit, latch onto exciting videos and images to maintain the attention span.

3.Be natural

Don’t cram, memorize or be stilted in your presentation. The benefit of an oral presentation is that you are allowed to be somewhat informal. Stay the course of your key messages, but take a storyteller’s approach by injecting some easy banter and having a little fun. 

Maintain eye contact with your audience throughout the presentation. While at it, learn how to pronounce complicated terminologies, foreign or unfamiliar terms by writing them out phonetically in your reading cards.


Practice allows you to see the practicality of your oral speech. Customize a well-timed script to enable you to present within the allotted time. No matter what you’re talking about, your audience isn’t going to stay with you endlessly.

Summarize the presentation as much as possible by focusing on what’s relevant because some professors are known to penalize presentations that run over time. Here’s a link to some speeches you can emulate to build your abilities as an able speaker. 

Types of oral presentation 

To increase your understanding of the workings of oral presentation essays, refer to the oral speech definition below. It features the various methods you can use to deliver your oral presentation.

1.Impromptu speech

This is a formal presentation of a person speaker where a short message is made without any preparation. This happens when you’re called upon to give a toast at a celebration, speak on someone else’s behalf, or step in where the expected speaker isn’t available.

Informally, it happens every other time when you’re asked to introduce yourself at a meeting or training or are required to respond to a thesis statement or question. Since this kind of oral speech will catch you off guard due to its spontaneity; the message may be confusing and disjointed.

For coursework writing, this might not be a suitable delivery style to adopt. Still, it could help to know how to work around it, especially if an audience member asks an unexpected question or you’re required to respond to a statement you hadn’t anticipated.

Here are some tips on how to make an impromptu speech.

  • Thank the person for their question or inquiry.
  • Gather yourself and thoughts together and narrow down to what you’d like to say in response.
  • Make a joke or tell a story, speak audibly and clearly but keep it short and straightforward to avoid rambling on and losing the audience.

2.Extemporaneous speech

This is the type of speech delivery that’s ideal for your oral presentation essay because it’s well planned and researched and requires a conversational relay aided by a visual presentation and reading cards.

This type of format ensures that you focus on the audience so that they remain engaged throughout the oral presentation. This delivery style is also preferred because it portrays you as an expert on the subject topic, boosting your credibility (and grades in the process).

The downside to it is that you’ll need to dedicate time to achieve the prowess needed to deliver flawlessly. Mastering a topic, especially a complex one, is not easy, more so if you have to speak about it to a discerning, live audience.

Extemporaneous speech is often considered the same as oral briefing, but they’re pretty different.  What is an oral briefing? It’s a short, concise, and factual oral speech to a live or virtual audience about an issue, especially in a fast-paced situation. They’re mistaken for being the same because the preparation process and oral report are similar.

3.Manuscript speech

For this delivery, the speaker has no qualms reading the speech word for word in front of an audience except for a few pauses when referring to visuals. This type of oral speech ensures that the oral presentation topics, mainly the critical messaging, are captured in their original wording. The constant repetition ensures that the audience captures and internalizes the message.

Unfortunately, this delivery style is pretty boring. The speaker risks losing the audience’s attention unless the content is so valuable that they have to hang on regardless of the bland delivery. 

4.Memorized speech

For this type of public speaking, you’ll cram and memorize the speech exactly as it is and then relay it conversationally to the audience. To know what it entails, you can either watch a TED talk or movie for an idea of what it’s like to deliver a memorized speech or content.

The reason you would opt for this type of delivery is that you want to speak from the heart about the message which is valuable to you. You also don’t want the distraction of referring to reading cards. 

Most experienced public speakers use this delivery method because, besides the ability to move freely around the stage, they can gesture and point to their visual presentations. Another thing with this type of presentation is that you’ll have to invest time to memorize vocal cues and variations to avoid a brand delivery.

Practicing includes applying appropriate facial expressions and body posture. Everything has to be rehearsed and worked out beforehand to ensure a successful outcome.

In summary

Oral report writing can be organized by having a clear idea of what you want to achieve from your oral presentation. It’s not complex and you should pay attention to academic learning programs as they are your best chance of experiencing various oral presentations, either as a speaker or audience member. As an observer, you can adopt robust strategies for effective oral delivery.

Remember: Oral communication isn’t only about the weight of the words you speak, but about how you say them, the way you project your body and carry yourself. All these can either negatively or positively impact the audience. If you are still stuck on how to write an oral presentation essay you can reach us through our website.

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