Adenike Olarewaju Rachel KollieFRSE 101September 23 Essay

Adenike Olarewaju & Rachel Kollie

FRSE 101

September 23, 2019

Professor Burks

Milestone I: Background/Hypothesis/Experimental Design

Introduction to Research Topic: Does eating breakfast affect the performance of a student? The Effect of Breakfast on Academic Performance among Bowie State University Students

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Group Members: Adenike Olarewaju, Rachel Kollie

Project Background

What is the basic knowledge of this field? Has anyone studied this before? What did they find?

Breakfast provides essential nutrients such as iron, fiber, folate, and vitamin B. It also helps your metabolism, which allows you to burn calories.

Breakfast has been linked to an increase in memory and concentration skills. Additionally, it helps in lowering cholesterol. A study showed that there are positive effects on arithmetic test scores following large breakfast meals (Powell et al,1998 Simeon 1998). Furthermore, breakfast contributes to about 20%-30% of daily energy (Tanya Zilberter, Eugene Yuri Zilberter, 2014). Many studies showed that breakfast enhances intellectual capacity, concentration, attention and academic performance.

Why is this research important?

This research is important because it will allow us to understand the significance of eating breakfast.


If students eat breakfast, then their academic performance will increase.

Experimental Design

Materials Needed?

· Students

· Orange Juice

· Pankcakes

· Red apple

· Sausage

· Bacon

· Math test (Mixed addition and subtraction worksheet)

What result will you be measuring?

The student’s academic performance on the math test.

Quantity of materials?

· 2 students

· 1 Orange Juice

· 2 Pancakes

· 1 Apple

· 2 Sausages

· 2 slices of bacon

· 2 Algebra tests (Mixed Addition and Subtraction worksheet)

“Experimental variable” what will you change?

We will be changing the intake of breakfast. One student will be eating breakfast the other will not. Changing the intake of breakfast will allow us to verify if breakfast is a quintessential part of an increase in academic performance.

How will you be measuring this result?

We will measure this result by giving two of the student’s math problems and receive reports on each test.

“Control Variable” What will stay the same?

The control variable will be the mathematics test. This test will be the same so that it will give each student an equal opportunity to take the test. Additionally, the amount of time that will be allotted to each student. This will limit bias from the experiment.

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