Abuse and Young People Essay

Identify the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people including e-safety? The current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures are there to protect and keep the children safe from being harmed or by any type of risk. The 3 main policies which i am going to talk about mentioning the children’s act 2004; children act 1989 which is every child matters. Children act 1989: This act was brought to simplify the law to keep away any harm from the children and young people and to protect them.

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This simply tells people what responsibilities are which they need to know and how to work together as a team when a child abuse is suspected. In this act the local authorities have a general duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of children within their area who are in need. The children’s act (2004) – due to the death of Victoria climbie it had led the children act 2004 which is ‘every child matters’.

This includes the maximize opportunities and minimize the risk for all children’s.

The outcomes of the keys are for every child matters; to stay safe and secure, to enjoy and achieve, to make positive contribution and to achieve an economic well-being. This act includes: The common assessment of framework to help agencies to identify the needs of the children The local authority’s children’s directors are responsible for education and children’s social services. Also the local safeguarding children’s boards ensure that the social services, NHS and education services. The police and other services which are involved in this services work together to help and protect the vulnerable children.

Working with children and young people should have the following policies and procedures: A policy for the protection of a child who is under the age of 18 that mentions the responsibilities and is the reviewed yearly. A duty which to inform the independent safeguarding authority of any kind of paid worker, the volunteer or any other who is a threat to the children. To update the training on safeguarding for all member of staff, governors and volunteers. Senior member who is in charge of the safeguarding arrangements.

Any effective risk of arrangements for CRB checks on all the adults who have regular or unsupervised access to the children until the age of 18. Up to date record on all the checks on staff, governors and volunteers. Contact details of parents or carers for all children under the age of 18. E-safety: Now a day’s many young people have an access to computers and mobile phones. They all have benefits for education, research, contacting family, friends even useful for shopping online. But there is also risks such as cyber bulling through text messages and emails on computers.

It can reduce risks and help young people and children from not facing this to use it safely by having a restriction to the following types of points below: Making children aware of the dangers of these devices etc. A limited access to use the computer. Blocking any type of access or having a password to unsuitable sites. Also the school ensures that these sites will be blocked so it won’t be reaching in school computers and the children will be protected. 2. Describe the roles of different agencies involved in safeguarding the welfare of children and young people?

The main organization, services and professionals are mainly involved on safeguarding are several different services involved with the family, including their health, education, social servicing and voluntary agencies, each with their own area of responsibility. For example: Health services include: The health visitors- have a responsibility for the health development of children who are under the age of 5 General practitioners- have a responsibilities for the general health of registered patients in their local community

Education services include: Teachers- they have responsibilities for the education and welfare of children and young people. The teachers work involves close observation of pupils on the classroom and this can frequently trigger concerns about health or welfare. Social services: They provide services for vulnerable children and their families. This might be because parents are struggling to care for their children or when families are trying to cope with challenging situations in their life like imprisonment or alcohol other drugs use as well.

Social workers will always be involved in these matters involving the situations of abuse or harm with children or young people. Legal and criminal services include: Police- safety to protect the general public. This involves any criminal proceedings that may result from safeguarding situations. Probation officers- involving motioning people convicted of offences against children to ensure they do not continue to pose a threat. It is important that all these people work together as a team and share any type of information in order to coordinate and support for the child and young people and their family.

Outcome 2: 2. 1) identify the signs and symptoms of common childhood illness. Name of illness Signs of illness Symptoms of illness Picture of illness Medical intervention Cold -Coughing, sneezing, sore throat and headache -Aching limbs, pain in swallowing, runny nose and hard to breathe. Attend GP Head lice -Tickling feeling of something in hair -excessive itching caused by allergic reaction -difficulty sleeping, head lice more active in dark -sores on head caused by itching. Attend GP Asthma -Difficulty breathing -difficult to exhale than inhale -tightness in chest -less energy during playing

-coughing especially at night -wheezing, shortness of breath -chest tightness pain or pressure Attend GP Chicken pox -Itching and fever -Rash, -cough -Itching and fever=Temperature, aches and headache. – Rash=Spots appear in crops. They develop into small blisters and are itchy. They can be anywhere on the body. – cough=Dry cough and sore throat are common. Attend GP Mumps -Fever, headache and swelling -Muscle aches, swollen and tender salivary glands under the ears on one or both sides, tiredness, partitas and loss of appetite. Attend GP for pain killers and make sure the child is kept hydrated

Measles -fever, running nose, reddening of the eyes and headache -Runny nose, watery eyes, swollen eyelids, sneezing, tiredness, irritability and general lack of energy, aches and pains, poor appetite, dry cough, and red-brown spotty rash. Medical attention from GP Upset stomach -Holding stomach -Pain in the stomach, along with a feeling of cramping, abdominal discomfort, and tenderness, fever and dizziness Attend GP Meningitis Fever, vomiting, muscle pain, headache -Cold hands and feet -pale blotchy skin, spots/rash -drowsy difficult to wake -stiff neck, confusion, dislike bright light

-convulsions/ seizures Medical attention, plenty of fluids, painkillers and a lot of rest. 2. 2) describe the actions to take when children or young people are ill or injured Injury of child Signs of injury Symptoms of injury Picture of illness Medical intervention Head bump Head bump Head injury can occur right away or develop slowly over several hours or sometimes days. Even if the skull isn’t fractured the brain can bang against the inside of the skull and be bruised. The head may look fine but the problem can result the bleeding Or swelling inside the skull.

Seek medication from your GP unconsciousness Injury or illness Can cause confusion, drowsiness, dizziness, headache, light –headache and inability to speak or move any body parts The person will be unresponsive touch and sound them, if not any responsive call for an ambulance Cuts and grazes Painful and the gets red Cuts and grazes may bleed and feel slightly painful. The affected area will probably scab over while it is healing. See your GP as soon as possible Broken bone Pain and swelling A bone may look pale and clammy and feel faint, dizzy or sick. Accident and emergency department 2.

3 identify circumstances when children and young people might require urgent medical attention Reassure the child and stay with him/her Do not move the child unless it is needed to be If the child is unconscious they should be put into the recovery position Do not give anything to the child (food or drink) Keep the child warm for example by placing a warm blanket/jumper or a coat Ensure the other children in the area not at risk of being hurt 2. 4 describe the actions to take in response to emergency situations (a) Fires (b) Security incidents (c) Missing children or young people Fire:

When a fire is set off the building needs to be evacuated quickly in a event of a fire to be caught. The emergency procedures should be visibly displayed. These procedures ‘must’ be displayed in every each area of the school, with clear instructions about the location of the emergency exists and assembly points. Regular drills should be carried out to make sure that all the staff understand their own responsibilities and know what to do, information should be giving on: How to raise the alarm when a fire is set off What to do when you hear the fire alarm going on The route you are going to take

Nearest assembly point you could see Registers should be available so the staff can make a check that all the children are safely out of the building It is very important to know the different routes of the building each and every area that you are working in. This is due of being in a different part of the building. It is also very important to have a test fire alarm to be trained and ready when a fire is really caught. Security: The security should be in place which will minimize the risk of a child. You must know what these are to be ensuring that you follow the procedures at all the time. These procedures will include:

Signing in when visiting/ visitor badge Security locks on all the doors Procedures for collection of younger pupils Registration All the visitors who are in the school building should have identified badges. If you are ensure seeing someone in the building, you should report your concern to someone higher up. Missing children or young people: all the staff should ensure they do regular checks that all the children are present when going out of the building or inside the building for example: when children come from their lunch break to ensure the child isn’t missing the staff should head count making sure they are all present.

If a child has gone missing at a trip the staff should immediately take action by: Reporting immediately to the teacher who is responsible To ensure that the other children are present and repeating another head, count checking the register Checking each and every area of the school or grounds, making sure the child isn’t there Informing the Childs parent Informing the police straight away 3. 1 identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse? Physical abuse: Physical abuse may involve hitting, throwing, shaking, poisoning, Burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or causing physical harm to a child.

It may also be caused when a parent or a carer is blaming the child or taking their anger out of him/her for no apparent reason. Or maybe the parent or carer is depressed. 3. 2 describe the risks and possible consequences for children and young people using the internet, Mobile phones and other technologies? Emotional abuse: Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional ill treatment of a child which causes and persistent effects on the child emotional development may involve screaming, shouting, swearing, making the child know that s/he is worthless, unloved and useless. It can make the child frightened and extreme fearfulness.

Sexual abuse: Involving a child in to looking at/ production of abusive images, watching sexual activities or encouraging her/ him to behave in sexually inappropriate ways. Forcing a child to take part in sexual activities. Neglect: Providing no food, clothing or shelter no care or protection. This can likely result in the serious impairment of the Childs health and development. 3. 3 describe actions to take in response to evidence or concerns that a child or young person has been abused, harmed (including self harm) or bullied, or maybe at risk of harm, abuse or Bullying

The risks of using internet, mobile phones or other technologies can lead young people and children of not knowing what can happen by using this. For example if a child or a young person is using the internet chatting to a person which they haven’t met or seen. By this people can make them believe things which they shouldn’t. Chatting together, the other person can say they are the same age and finally ask them to meet each other. Which turns out to be an old man? So if they do offer to meet up with them who they met through online they should tell someone else first. 3.

4 describe the actions to take in response to concerns tilt a colleague may be: a) Failing to comply with safeguarding procedures b) Harming, abusing or bullying a child or young person Report concerns about possible signs or any changes in a Childs behaviour to the Childs protection officer or your manager. Whatever the child is saying take them seriously, the children will rarely lie about abuse Tell children that you will have to tell someone who can help them with this Assure a child that they are not to be blamed if they tell you they have been abused Write down what has been said but keep the information secure.

Never promise to keep information a secret Never investigate any further or ask questions Never appear shocked always stay calm and neutral Never make a promise to a child Remember you are not responsible to draw conclusions If you think that a colleague is not following the procedures e. g. safeguarding and is abusing a child in anyway, you have the responsibility for the child. You must immediately take action to protect the child by informing the head teacher.

If the statement is against the head teacher then you should report to the designated person for child protection officer. If you think they are not taking it any further then contact directly to the education authority. 3. 5 describe the principles and boundaries of confidentiality and when to share information. Information which are confidential about a child or from a child should be kept confidential, this applies to all the staff members whether you are employed or a volunteer.

If a child tells you anything which may affect their safety or their welfare, with this information it needs to be shared immediately. You may have been told some information from your colleague this is due to carry out your role, example a child may have confidential health or particular needs. In some circumstances when a child may be at risk of significant harm, you should tell the child that you cannot keep their information a secret, but you should make sure that you tell the child you are going to share the information with someone else who will be able to help you.

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