Heritage of the Korean people

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Heritage of the Korean people

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The history of the Koreans dates back to 5000 years ago. The Koreans represent shared beliefs and culture between people living in Korea and southern Manchuria. The Korean people have one of the oldest and continuous cultures, second to China in the world. They have a unique culture characterized by unique dances, paintings, music, and lifestyles (Purnell & Fenkl, 2019). They have court and fork dances, each having its unique dressing style and appropriate ceremonies.  Koreans love painting, which is influenced by both traditional culture and realism. In the past, they painted prehistoric elements. Today, however, they have started to paint natural phenomena like mountains and landscapes. In terms of crafts, Koreans have a unique set of items crafted for everyday use. In the past, they used fabric, wood, metals, and earthenware. Today, they use paper, glasses, and leather too. They also have both court and folk music. They build traditional houses referred to as Hanok. Their culture is influenced by the culture of the Chinese and their goods of trade, adopted by the Koreans.

Korean health beliefs and how they influence evidence-based delivery of health care

Among the Koreans, fate is believed to have a great influence on health. Based on Buddhist principles, illness is perceived to be caused by fate. They also believe that if there is disharmony in the natural forces, people get sick. Cold illnesses include depression, cramping, and indigestion. On the other hand, hotness is believed to cause diseases such as stroke and hyperactivity, and opposing force is applied to cure the disease. The family is involved in the health of their loved ones (Pavlic et al. 2020).  They use both traditional and western medicine. These beliefs affect the delivery of evidence-based health care. Since the family is actively involved in health matters, physicians must consult the family members before making major decisions. Due to traditional medicine, health care practitioners must consider potential interactions of drugs.  When describing the dosage, specifications should be given. Nurses should also use varying forms of communication when interacting with clients.

Custom practices of Koreans to cure diseases

They practice various traditional approaches to cure diseases. These methods include cupping, massage, and acupuncture. They also visit herbalists who give traditional medicine, believed to cure some diseases. They also believe in dietary therapy, and sick people take certain foods believed to be curative. They also use traditional medicine to create personal harmony. A physical assessment is conducted before traditional medicine, which is mostly curative, is administered.

Heritage of the Mexican People

Mexican refer to the people of Mexico in North America. Mexico has one of the largest populations, occupying 31 states and one federal district. Despite social and political growth, Mexicans still exhibit traditional lifestyles. Towns like Taxco are popular for their exhibition of the precolonial era. Mexicans value their independence and nation. The majority of Mexican speak Spanish, but there are sixty other indigenous languages. The majority of the population also subscribe to Catholicism (75%). Other believers are Protestants, Jehovah witnesses, Pentecostals, and non-religious. Most of the holidays in Mexico are based on Christianity. They have various cuisines, but all of them depend heavily on maize, squash, and beans. Art and music are highly supported in Mexico. They have both traditional and modern music, which form a great part of their social life.

Health care beliefs of Mexicans and how they influence the delivery of evidence-based health care

Mexican have health care beliefs that are deeply rooted in their traditions. They attribute sickness to natural factors such as cold and heat. Diseases that are believed to be caused by cold include cancer, headache, menstrual cramps, and pneumonia. Those that are caused by hotness include diabetes and rashes. Signs and symptoms are interpreted based on cultural beliefs (Tamez et al. 2020).  They prioritize traditional medicine, only seeking professional health care when traditional approaches have failed. Evil eyes are believed to cause children’s death. Health care practitioners have to be culturally sensitive when dealing with Mexican patients. They should understand that some of her patients are suspicious of modern healthcare, and should communicate effectively to convince them of its effectiveness. Medical literature and posters should be bilingual. Patients with limited proficiency in English should be provided interpreters. There is a need for culture-specific health care interventions too.

Custom practices of Mexicans to cure diseases

Herbal therapies play a significant role in Mexico. Anger is treated by calming the patient and the use of herbs such as wormwood. Herbs that are considered to be hot are used to treat cold-related diseases and vice versa. Indigestion can be treated by abdominal massage and the use of eggs and sticks around the abdomen. Eucalyptus and mullein are used to treat asthma and other related problems.

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Pavlic, D., Burns, H. H., Wong, A., & Lehmer, J. (2020). Comparative health systems immersion in South Korea: A constructivist competency-based approach to educating master’s nursing students. Journal of Professional Nursing36(1), 92-97.

Purnell, L. D., & Fenkl, E. A. (2019). People of Korean heritage. In Handbook for Culturally Competent Care (pp. 255-262). Springer, Cham.

Tamez, M., Rimm, E., Rosner, B., Sotres-Alvarez, D., Daviglus, M. L., Van Horn, L.,& Kaplan, R. (2020). Abstract P516: A Traditional Mexican Diet Score is Not Associated With Increased Risk of Hypertension and is Comparable to Other Diet Scores Among US Adults of Mexican Heritage in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Cohort. Circulation, 141(Suppl_1), AP516-AP516.

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